Research Units


UNIT 1: Structural and molecular analysis of organisms

Unit 2: Composition, operation and restoration of ecosystems

Unit 3: Managing, planning and land management


Current research and development estimates:

The research groups of developed IMEM A total of 54 lines of research, which are shown below grouped. The figures at the end of each paragraph correspond to the major objectives of the Institute covered by each line of research. It also graphically describes the initial contribution of each research group to each of the three units proposed, as well as anticipating future developments in the Institute's structure.


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UNIT 1. Structural and molecular analysis of organisms

· Objectives of the research unit.


* 1.1. Study of organisms and biological systems using molecular and cellular approaches.

Specific Objectives:

* 1.1.1. Structural and functional analysis, molecular and cellular level, applied to interactions between organisms and the environment.

* 1.1.2. Morphological and functional analysis of tissues and organs.

* 1.1.3. Methodology for detection in molecular identification of living things.gel agarosa syber green


* 1.2. Studies of mechanisms, environmental impact, agencies and communities.

Specific Objectives:

* 1.2.1. Ecological and molecular basis of pathogenic and mutualistic interactions between organisms.

* 1.2.2. Cellular and molecular diagnosis of diseases.


· Current research and development forecast:

1. Adaptation of cyanobacteria to the medium: signal transduction systems.Bacteria

2. Analysis of structural and molecular determinants of halophilic adaptation and other extreme environments.

3. Enzyme immobilization and modification of extremophile bacteria.

4. Energy metabolism and assimilatory in Haloarchaea.

5. Cellular and molecular analysis of plant defense responses to biotic and abiotic stress.

6. Proteomics and functional genomics of plants.

7. Early detection of plant diseases.

8. Mode of action of pathogens and biological control agents.

9. Using transgenic plants as a model for the study of environmental adaptations.

10. Adaptation of vertebrate visual systems to their ecosystems. Neuromorfología compared.

11. Cellular and molecular alterations in neurodegenerative diseases of the retina. Possible gene therapy, stem cell and pharmacological.

12. Molecular identification and genetic analysis comparing prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

13. Molecular traceability of organisms in ecosystems.

14. Study of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and intentional introduction into the environment (biological control agents and bioremediation).

15. Bioremediation: Molecular and molecular modification of waste based on the use of degrading or tolerant organisms.



UNIT 2. Composition, operation and restoration of ecosystems

· Objectives of the research unit


* 2.1. Study of the structure and dynamics of ecosystems.

Specific Objectives:

* 2.1.1. Study of ecological diversity.

* 2.1.2. Biogeochemistry and ecosystem productivity.


* 2.2. Development and evaluation of management techniques for the conservation of ecosystems, optimizing its use.Coral

Specific Objectives:

* 2.2.1. Ecosystem management.

* 2.2.2. Restoration of degraded environments, are particularly affected by fire or erosion.


· Current research and development forecast:

1. Characterization of the microbial community associated with stromatolites from river basins.

2. Study of the microbiota of solar salt.

3. Ecology of rhizosphere and phylloplane: Biological control of pests and plant pathogens.

4. Fungal pathogens and endophytes: Biology and ecophysiology.

5. Marine biodiversity: taxonomic and ecological characterization and use.

6. Functionality and sustainability of coastal ecosystems.

7. Ecology of dunes.

8. Biological Oceanography.

9. Biomass and productivity in Mediterranean ecosystems.

10. Balance of water and nutrients in Mediterranean ecosystems.

11. Ecohydrology: role of the spatial structure of vegetation and soil properties on surface water flows

12. Erosion, water stress and nutrient balance in Mediterranean ecosystems.

13. Fire ecology. Mediterranean ecosystem response to fire. Post-fire management of burned areas.

14. Ecosystem degradation.

15. Vegetation dynamics and landscape.

16. Invertebrate Ecology.

17. Geographic distribution and population dynamics of birds. Habitat selection and use of land.

18. Vertebrate Ecology.

19. Ecology modeling populations.


Aerial photo

Unit 3. Management, planning and land management

· Objectives of the research unit


* 3.1. Analysis of land use as an expression of the interaction be humanoentorno.

Specific Objectives:

* 3.1.1. Environmental impact assessment.

* 3.1.2. Regional aspects of resource use.

* 3.1.3. Global processes: climate and cycles.Fossils

* 3.1.4. Providing workable solutions aimed at the sustainability of land use.


*3.2. Holistic study of the landscape as the reference unit.

Specific Objectives:

* 3.2.1. Cartography and Geographic Information Systems.

* 3.2.2. Landscape ecology, including its evolutionary aspect and anthropogenic influence.


·Current research and development forecast:

1. Technology Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Application to the study and integral management of animal and plant species.

2. Application of landscape ecology and GIS in solving problems related to territorial management of water reuse.

3. Application of techniques to improve production and survival of seedlings in reforestation.

4. Restoration and conservation areas and degraded ecosystems.

5. Analysis of mid-altitude agro. Problems of land abandonment.

6. Biological control agents of pests and plant diseases through the use of antagonistic fungi.

7. Production and formulation of fungal biocontrol agents.

8. Use of chitosan in plant protection as a byproduct of fishing.